PSG.LGD fans react during the Dota 2 grand final match between PSG.LGD and OG (Getty Images)
Throughout the history of mankind, any time there has been a competition for spectators to enjoy, some of those spectators will find a way to gamble on it. Esports are no different. While in the past when competitive gaming was much smaller friends may have been left to just bet against each other, the explosion of popularity in esports has forced conventional sportsbooks to catch up and start offering lines on these events.
Lines on esports events started popping up online in the mid-2010’s. William Hill USA became the first bookmakers to offer legal bets on esports in the United States in late 2016 on a League of Legends tournament. The state of Nevada added even more legitimacy to betting on esports when it verified its legality in 2017, recognizing it as a skill game in the process. The future looks bright for esports betting as more and more betting action coming in on these events is, in turn, assuring more lines and options are being offered.
There is no time like the present to get in on esports betting. Whether you are a sports bettor looking to get into esports or an esports fan looking to get into betting for the first time, betting on esports events is a great way to add to their excitement and to potentially make yourself some money in the process.
Without question, the most standard and popular version of betting on esports is moneyline betting. A moneyline bet is simply a wager on which side will win in a single game between two (or more) opponents, whether those opponents are individuals or teams.
Of course, two players or teams matched up with each other are very rarely identical in skill. As a result, most games have a favorite that is considered by the sportsbook to be more likely to win than the underdog that is considered less likely to win. How big the skill gap is between these two teams or players will determine each side’s price on the moneyline.
For example, say that Spencer “Gorilla” Ealing, the 2017 FIFA eWorld Cup Champion, is competing in a FIFA 2018 match against Fouad “Rafsou” Fares. Fares is also a world-class player, but Ealing is expected to win this match without too much trouble. The line on this match might be set at Gorilla (-300) vs. Rafsou (+240)
When a moneyline side is listed as a “-” number, that number is used to determine how much you would have to wager to win $100. So in this instance, a successful bet of $300 on Gorilla would net you your wager money back and a $100 profit. This ratio works regardless of the amount you decide to bet, so a $15 bet on Gorilla would pay $5 at -300 or a $900 bet would pay $300.
On the other side of the equation, a moneyline underdog number listed with a “+” indicates how much a $100 wager would win for you. So in the case of Rafsou at +240, a $100 bet on Rasou on a day that he comes through with an upset win would pay $240 in profit. A $50 win at +240 would pay $120, and so on.
In some cases, there will be a huge discrepancy between the favorite and the underdog. In others, there won’t be any at all. An NBA 2K League game between Mavs Gaming and Wizards District Gaming might be too close for the bookmakers to call, creating a line of Mavs Gaming (-120) vs. Wizards Gaming (-120). In this instance, both sides are going off at -120, or bet $120 to win $100.
Moneyline wagers are at the foundation of any esports betting strategy. They are the most widely available betting lines and are also the least complicated, simply asking you to pick the winner of the game.
The majority of head-to-head esports events take place in one of two formats; leagues or tournaments. These function the same way in esports as they do in conventional sports.
A league is made up of a series of teams that plays head-to-head games against each other. In most cases, the top teams in each of these leagues advance to the playoffs. Once in the playoffs, the teams play down to a champion, with the champion earning bragging rights and usually some sort of cash bonus.
Tournaments, on the other hand, do not start in a league format, instead just starting with a set number of players that play in a tournament bracket down to a winner. These tournaments also come with cash prizes divvied out to the top teams.
Regardless of whether a game is taking place in a league or a tournament, you will usually have the option to bet on that game on the moneyline. But what if you want to bet on who will win the whole tournament or will be crowned champion of the whole league instead of just betting on individual games?
This is where futures betting comes in. Futures bets list the odds on each team or player involved in the tournament winning it. These odds will change drastically from the start of the tournament to the end of it as teams or players are eliminated and the field is narrowed down. The earlier you can get your bet locked in on a futures board, the better.
For example, a series of future bets were made available for the 2018 The International tournament, the annual Dota 2 tournament that features the biggest prize pools in all of esports. The top teams of Team Liquid and Virtus Pro were each going off as +300 (bet $100 to win $300) favorites. Every team’s odds were listed, all the way down to the biggest long shot on the board of Invictus Gaming at +6500 (bet $100 to win $6500).
Depending on the size and importance of an event, other future bets may be available as well. The 2018 International also had futures wagers on the team with the most kills, the player with the most kills, the team with the highest kill average, and many more. Futures bets are a great way to invest in long-term options and can provide more versatility than moneyline bets.
Speaking of versatility, prop bets are where you get into the nitty gritty of esports betting. Digging far deeper than just on who will win a game, esports prop bets allow you to bet on specific elements within the matchup to help you maximize your profits on your knowledge of how specific teams and players play.
For example, take a competitive game of Counter Strike: Global Offensive (CS:GO) between Astralis and Natus Vincere. On the moneyline, Astralis is a -140 favorite over Natus at +115. You could just bet on the result of the game and be done with it. Or, you could dive into prop bets.
Esports matches of CS:GO are often played in a Best of 3 format across three different maps. The two teams play each map until one team gets to 16 round wins on that map, earning that team a victory towards the Best of 3.
Each of these maps has their own set of wagers available on them. The first is a moneyline wager on who will win Map 1 (or Map 2 or Map 3). With this bet, you are just betting on Astralis or Natus Vincere to win just this specific map; what happens in the rest of the game does not concern you.
Another option is to bet a map against a spread. Say that Astralis is a -135 favorite to win the first map over Natus on the moneyline at -105. But a spread bet of Astralis -2.5 (-110) vs. Natus +2.5 (-130) is also available. Now, if you are betting on Astralis to win at -2.5, it must win the map by three points or more. A wager on Natus at +2.5 will be graded a win if Natus wins the map OR loses it by two or less. So in this instance, a 16-10 first map win for Astralis would be a victory at -2.5, while a 16-14 map win would be a loss at -2.5.
Not sure who is going to win but expect a close battle on a certain map? You could bet on the score on the map to go OVER or UNDER a set total. For example, in this match, the total for Map 2 might be set at 26.5. Using the final scores from above, 16-10 win on Map 2 would go UNDER the posted total (16 + 10 = 26) while the 16-14 score would go OVER the posted total (16 + 14 = 30).
These are just a few examples from one game. What prop bets are available varies wildly from sportsbook to sportsbook and game to game. The good news is, as esports betting continues to grow in popularity, prop betting options will as well. Always keep your eyes open for new ways to bet on your favorite esports as they become available.